Mental Health: Facts & Statistics

Impact on Adults

  • 1 in 5 U.S. adults experience mental illness each year
  • 1 in 25 U.S. adults experience serious mental illness each year
  • 19.1% of U.S. adults experienced mental illness in 2018 (47.6 million people). This represents 1 in 5 adults.
  • 4.6% of U.S. adults experienced serious mental illness in 2018 (11.4 million people). This represents 1 in 25 adults.
  • 3.7% of U.S. adults experienced a co-occurring substance use disorder and mental illness in 2018 (9.2 million people)
  • Annual prevalence among U.S. adults, by condition:
    Major Depressive Episode: 7.2% (17.7 million people)
    Schizophrenia: <1% (estimated 1.5 million people)
    Bipolar Disorder: 2.8% (estimated 7 million people)
    Anxiety Disorders: 19.1% (estimated 48 million people)
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: 3.6% (estimated 9 million people)
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: 1.2% (estimated 3 million people)
    Borderline Personality Disorder: 1.4% (estimated 3.5 million people)
  • Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S.
  • The overall suicide rate in the U.S. has increased by 31% since 2001
  • 46% of people who die by suicide had a diagnosed mental health condition
  • 90% of people who die by suicide had shown symptoms of a mental health condition, according to interviews with family, friends and medical professionals (also known as psychological autopsy)

Impact on Youth

  • 1 in 6 U.S. youth aged 6-17 experience a mental health disorder each year
  • 16.5% of U.S. youth aged 6-17 experienced a mental health disorder in 2016 (7.7 million people)
  • Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among people aged 10-34 in the U.S.
  • Lesbian, gay and bisexual youth are 4x more likely to attempt suicide than straight youth

Impact on Our Families

  • At least 8.4 million people in the U.S. provide care to an adult with a mental or emotional health issue
  • Caregivers of adults with mental or emotional health issues spend an average of 32 hours per week providing unpaid care

Impact on Our Communities

  • Mental illness and substance use disorders are involved in 1 out of every 8 emergency department visits by a U.S. adult (estimated 12 million visits)
  • 20.1% of people experiencing homelessness in the U.S. have a serious mental health condition
  • 37% of adults incarcerated in the state and federal prison system have a diagnosed mental illness
  • 70.4% of youth in the juvenile justice system have a diagnosed mental illness
  • Mood disorders are the most common cause of hospitalization for all people in the U.S. under age 45 (after excluding hospitalization relating to pregnancy and birth)
  • 41% of Veteran’s Health Administration patients have a diagnosed mental illness or substance use disorder

Impact on Our Diverse Communities

  • Annual prevalence of mental illness among U.S. adults, by demographic group:

Non-Hispanic Asian: 14.7%
Non-Hispanic white: 20.4%
Non-Hispanic black or African-American: 16.2%
Non-Hispanic mixed/multiracial: 26.8%
Hispanic or Latino: 16.9%
Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual: 37.4%

  • Transgender adults are nearly 12x more likely to attempt suicide than the general population
  • Lesbian, gay and bisexual youth are 4x more likely to attempt suicide than straight youth

Treatment Gaps

  • 43.3% of U.S. adults with mental illness received treatment in 2018  
  • 64.1% of U.S. adults with serious mental illness received treatment in 2018  
  • 50.6% of U.S. youth aged 6-17 with a mental health disorder received treatment in 2016  
  • The average delay between onset of mental illness symptoms and treatment is 11 years
  • Annual treatment rates among U.S. adults with any mental illness, by demographic group:
    • Male: 34.9%
    • Female: 48.6%
    • Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual: 48.5%
    • Non-Hispanic Asian: 24.9%
    • Non-Hispanic white: 49.1%
    • Non-Hispanic black or African-American: 30.6%
    • Non-Hispanic mixed/multiracial: 31.8%
    • Hispanic or Latino: 32.9%
  • 11.3% of U.S. adults with mental illness had no insurance coverage in 2018
  • 13.4% of U.S. adults with serious mental illness had no insurance coverage in 2018
  • 60% of U.S. counties do not have a single practicing psychiatrist

Some information on this page comes from studies conducted by organizations like Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Department of Justice.